African Immigration into Europe: Why We Should Be Concerned About The Marrakech Declaration
There has been a lot of talk recently about the Marrakech Declaration, which was signed by 31 European and 26 African countries on May 2nd 2018 as part of what is known as the Rabat Process of Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development.
Many people who oppose mass immigration into Europe are suspicious that the Marrakech Declaration will herald a new sustained wave of African immigration into Europe. There are a number precedents that make this scenario seem likely.
The Barcelona Declaration
The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, also known as the Barcelona Process, was created in 1995 as a result of the Conference of Euro-Mediterranean Ministers of Foreign Affairs held in Barcelona on 27 and 28 November under the Spanish presidency of the EU. The founding act of the Partnership in 1995 and Final Declaration of the Barcelona Euro-Mediterranean Ministerial Conference is called the Barcelona Declaration, which is often used to refer to the Process itself.
This coincided with the Schengen Agreement, which had been signed in 1985, becoming active the same year and thus allowing free circulation not only for European citizens but also for legal and illegal migrants.
I have often commented that in 1995 there were around 40,000, mainly Moroccan, Muslims in Catalonia, which then had a population of 6.5 million. Now the Muslim population is about 600,000 and the population of Catalonia is about 7.5 million.
The wave of mass Third World immigration into Europe really began after the signing of the Barcelona Declaration and the situation has been exaccerabated by wars and conflict, which seem to have been deliberately provoked by Western powers. The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and lately, the war in Syria and the fall of Libya have all resulted in more migrants. These have sometimes been so-called refugees seeking asylum but have more often been economic migrants seeking a higher standard of living.
The Rabat Process
The Rabat Process was first launched at the first Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development in July 2006 in Rabat. It brings together governments of 55 European and African countries from North, West and Central Africa, together with the European Commission and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The objective is to enhance dialogue and cooperation on migration more broadly (legal migration and mobility; prevention of irregular migration and measures to counteract it; migration and development; international protection), as well as to identify common priorities in order to develop operational and practical cooperation.
Much like the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, the wording of the Rabat Process documents focuses on sustainability and collaboration but the result has been mass African migration into Europe particularly through Italy. This has accelerated since the Arab Spring of 2011, which led to the fall of the Gadaffi Regime in Libya and the opening up of the migrant route from Sub-Sahran Africa.
(You can see the countries involved in the Rabat Process in the picture at the top of the page.)
Macron and The Rush to Europe
In an interview on French TV in mid-April, President Macron said the following:
“We have a migratory phenomenon that is there and will last, because there are geopolitical conflicts, climatic change and African demography that is there and that is a real bomb.”
He appears to think that it is up to Europeans to welcome these people and fix their situation, despite the fact that the USA, China, India, Europe and Japan combined could fit into Africa and that that continent is brimming with resources.
Macron mentioned the work of French-American journalist and professor Stephen Smith and his recent book, The Rush to Europe and went on to say:
“[Africans] are mostly turning to Europe because the continent [of Europe] is not an island, because of our location, and because Europe has its destiny bound with Africa,”
Professor Smith estimates that the number of Africans living in Europe will grow from nine million to between 150 million and 200 million within the next 30 years and believes that a massive, unprecedented population transfer still in its infancy will “paradoxically” be triggered mostly as a result of Western foreign aid money financing wannabe migrants’ journeys from Africa.
The most optimistic of these is “Eurafrica”, which would see mass migration create a ‘welcoming’, multicultural Europe, which “would fully embrace being a ‘mixed-race land of immigration and interbreeding’”. Sweden is the prime example of this, a large welfare state combined with open borders. The country is committing demographic suicide, and that is exactly what Smith wants for the whole Continent.
This scenario would see the end of welfare states in Europe however, Smith said, pointing to the incompatibility of large-scale immigration and generous social programmes. Even the ‘humanitarian superpower’, Sweden has had to cut down on the number of immigrants coming in and raping the countries resources as well as its women.
Another possible scenario, ‘Fortress Europe’, is one which involves “a battle generally considered unwinnable, or even shameful” but which Smith points to as the case which strongly “has its reasons and its chances to succeed”, noting the effectiveness of EU deals with Libya and Turkey in stopping the influx.
As the map below shows, Africa is an enormous continent brimming with resources, into which Europe could fit many times. With a population of 1.2 billion, African immigration into Europe is unsustainable. The indigenous European population of 741 million would be swamped so Africans need to build up their countries and prosper in their own territory.
Hungary was the only EU country that refused to sign the Marrakech Declaration because they believe that it could lead to a fresh wave of migration. The Hungarian Foreign Minister, Péter Szijjártó, said the following in a TV interview:
“The statement adopted in Marrakech within the framework of the Rabat Process could lead to a fresh wave of migration, and for this reason Hungary did not join the political declaration
Because the declaration adopted at the meeting held with the participation 31 European and 26 African countries concerns the fact that migration is a positive process that must be encouraged, and accordingly new migration channels must be opened and migrants cannot be differentiated based on their legal status”, he explained.
“According to the statement, which Hungary was alone in refusing to support, the countries of Europe are supporting the position of the African countries. And this is totally at odds with the Rabat Process that began ten years ago, the original goal of which was precisely to use European funding to realise development projects in Africa in the interests of reducing emigration.
Based on the mandate that the Hungarian Government has received from the electorate, it is its explicit duty to put forward its anti-immigration standpoint at every opportunity”
Italy and Spain
Since the signing of the Marrakech Declaration on May 2nd, Italy has been able to form a nationalist government that takes a hard line on immigration and plans to deport 500,000 illegal African immigrants. Coincidentally, at a time when one migrant route was closed another opened up.
In Spain, the anti-immigration conservative Partido Popular government led by Mariano Rajoy lost a vote of confidence in the Spanish Parliament and was replaced by the pro-immigration social democrat PSOE led by Pedro Sánchez.
When Italy refused to allow the boat Aquarius with 629 migrants on board to dock in an Italian port, the boat was quickly invited to dock in Valencia by Spain. The Aquarius arrived in Valencia last Saturday and that weekend Spain didn’t only receive 629 migrants but another 1,400 were reported to have crossed the Straits of Gibraltar and reached the Andalusian coast.
The PSOE government plan to repeal laws restricting health care and other benefits of the Spanish welfare system to people who are registered to the Social Security system and have worked legally in Spain. To add insult to injury, a group of students were ejected from their halls of residence, which they had paid for, in order to accomodate the migrants.
This looks like the start of another invasion to me and it can’t be a coincidence that the Marrakech Declaration was signed less than two months ago.
- Marrakesh Political Declaration in PDF: May 2nd 2018
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade: The Marrakech statement could lead to a fresh wave of migration
- The European Union’s cooperation with Africa on migration
- Rabat Process: Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development